Revelation 1


1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John,

A common misconception is that Revelation refers God giving a revelation to the Apostle John. It is that, but this verse says that it is actually the revelation that God gave to Jesus Himself. He in turn sent his angel to make it known to John. Since it's God's revelation to Jesus, it must be of utmost importance. Yet, so many Christians have never read this book. A preacher even told me that he had neither read it nor preached from it. What a sad state of affairs.

2 who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.

3 Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who keep what is written in it, for the time is near.

In context, this is referring to the person reading this book aloud to a gathering of early Christians. But I like to think that I would still receive a blessing if I were to read this book aloud - even if it's to myself. And I like to think I would also get a blessing if I were to hear it - by listening to an audio of it. But the real blessing is for those who "keep what is written in it." Ah... that's easier said than done.

Greeting to the Seven Churches

4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne,

The term "seven spirits (of God)" is used 4 times in Revelation (also Rev 3:1, Rev 4:5, Rev 5:6). It could be a reference to Isa 11 2

5 and from Jesus Christ the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood

6 and made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.

7 Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen.

8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."

John’s vision of Christ

9 I, John, your brother and partner in the tribulation and the kingdom and the patient endurance that are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos on account of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet

11 saying, "Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."

12 Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking to me, and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands,

13 and in the midst of the lampstands one like a son of man, clothed with a long robe and with a golden sash around his chest.

14 The hairs of his head were white like wool, as white as snow. His eyes were like a flame of fire,

hair like wool in Dan 7:9 which describes "the Ancient of days"

15 his feet were like burnished bronze, refined in a furnace, and his voice was like the roar of many waters.

16 In his right hand he held seven stars, from his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword, and his face was like the sun shining in full strength.

"from his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword" almost certainly a reference to the Word of God Hebrews 4:12. See also: Rev 2:16, Rev 19:15, Rev 19:21.

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he laid his right hand on me, saying, "Fear not, I am the first and the last,

18 and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

19 Write therefore the things that you have seen, those that are and those that are to take place after this.

20 As for the mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands, the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.